Neutrino masses, oscillations, and 0νββ-decay

Fedor Šimkovic

Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia; IEAP, CTU in Prague


A new Quantum Field Theory (QFT) formalism for neutrino oscillations in a vacuum is proposed. The neutrino emission and detection are identified with the charged-current vertices of a single second-order Feynman diagram for the underlying process, enclosing neutrino propagation between these two points. The L-dependent master formula for the charged lepton production rate is derived, which provides the QFT basis for analyzing neutrino oscillations. The observation of neutrino oscillations and hence non-zero neutrino masses provided a milestone in the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. An open question remains whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles. A smoking-gun signature of Majorana neutrinos is the observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay (0νββ-decay. The recent progress in the experimental and theoretical study of 0νββ-decay is shortly reviewed. A mechanism of generating Majorana neutrino mass due to the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry and forming a quark condensate is presented. The present-day results of the double-beta decay nuclear matrix elements calculation are discussed. An impact of the quenching of the axial-vector coupling constant on double-beta decay processes is addressed. The related experimental and theoretical studies of single b-decay, 2νββ-decay, muon capture processes, and double-charge exchange nuclear reactions are also addressed.

Seminář se koná v úterý 6. června ve 14:00
v zasedací místnosti ÚTEF ČVUT, Praha 1, Husova 240/5.

Ing. Bartoloměj Biskup, Ph.D.
tajemník semináře
doc. Ing. Ivan Štekl, CSc.
ředitel ÚTEF
doc. Dr. André Sopczak
předseda NPS, ČS IEEE

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IEEE Czechoslovakia section

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